11. Uni-Markets is ‘Powered by ClickTrades’. Uni-Markets is an official partner of ClickTrades. com is a website operated by KW Investments Limited, which is authorized and regulated by the Seychelles Financial Services Authority, license number SD020.
1.2 This risk disclosure and warning notice is provided to you (our Client and prospective Client) in compliance to the Provision of the Seychelles Securities Act 2017, which is applicable to KW Investments Ltd. (“The company”).
1.3 All Clients and prospective Clients should read carefully the following risk disclosure and warnings contained in this document, before applying to the Company for a trading account and before they begin to trade with the Company. However, it is noted that this document cannot and does not disclose or explain all of the risks and other significant aspects involved in dealing in Financial Instruments. The notice was designed to explain in general terms the nature of the risks involved when dealing in Financial Instruments on a fair and non-misleading basis.
1.4 The Company executes the Client’s orders in relation to Financial contracts for differences (“CFDs”) in stocks, commodities, indices and currency pairs (FX), etc. CFDs may also be referred as “Financial Instruments” in this Notice.
2.1 The Provision of Services by the Company to the Client is subject to fees, available on the Company’s website. Before the Client begins to trade, he should obtain details of all fees, commissions, charges for which the Client will be liable. It is the Client’s responsibility to check for any changes in the charges.
2.2 If any charges are not expressed in monetary terms (but, for example, as a percentage of contract value), the Client should ensure that he understands what such charges are likely to amount to.
2.3 The Company may change its charges at any time, according to the provisions of the Client Agreement found on the Company’s website.
2.4 There is a risk that the Client’s trades in any Financial Instruments may be or become subject to tax and/or any other duty for example because of changes in legislation or his personal circumstances. The Company does not warrant that no tax and/or any other stamp duty will be payable. The Company does not offer tax advice and recommends the Client to seek advice from a competent tax professional if the Client has any questions.
2.5 The Client is responsible for any taxes and/or any other duty which may accrue in respect of his trades.
2.6 It is noted that taxes are subject to change without notice.
2.7 If required by applicable Law, the Company shall deduct at source from any payments due to the Client such amounts as are required by the tax authorities to be deducted in accordance with applicable Law.
2.8 It is possible that other costs, including taxes, relating to Transactions carried out on the Trading Platform to arise, for which the Client is liable, and which are neither paid via us nor imposed by the Company. Although it is the Client’s sole and entire responsibility to account for tax due and without derogating from this, the Client agrees that the Company may deduct tax, as may be required by the applicable law, with respect to his trading activity on the Trading Platform. The Client is aware that the Company has a right of set-off against any amounts in the Client’s Trading Account with respect to such tax deductions.
2.9 It is noted that the prices displayed on the Company’s Trading Platform reflects the last known available price at the moment, prior to placing any order. As such, the price that the Client receives when he opens or closes a position may not directly correspond to real time market levels at the point in time at which the sale of the CFD occurs or reflect the prices of third party brokers/providers.
3.1 It is understood that the Company will promptly place any Client money it receives into one or more segregated account(s) (denoted as ‘clients’ accounts’) with reliable financial institutions (within or outside Seychelles) such as a credit institution or a bank in a third country. Although the Company shall exercise due skill, care, and diligence in the selection of the financial institution according to Applicable Regulations, it is understood that there are circumstances beyond the control of the Company and hence the Company does not accept any liability or responsibility for any resulting losses to the Client as a result of the insolvency or any other analogous proceedings or failure of the financial institution where the Client’s money will be held.
3.2 The financial institution (of paragraph 3.1.) where the Client’s money will be held may be within or outside Seychelles. It is understood that the legal and regulatory regime applying to any such financial institution outside Seychelles will be different from that of Seychelles. Hence, in the event of the insolvency or any other equivalent failure or proceeding of that person, the Client’s money may be treated differently from the treatment which would apply if the money was held in a Segregated Account in Seychelles.
3.3 The financial institution to which the Company will pass Client money (as per paragraph 3.1.) may hold it in an omnibus account. Hence, in the event of the insolvency or any other analogous proceedings in relation to that financial institution, the Company may only have an unsecured claim against the financial institution on behalf of the Client and the Client will be exposed to the risk that the money received by the Company from a financial institution is insufficient to satisfy the claims of the Client.
3.4 The Company places orders for execution to a third-party Execution Venue e. the Company is not the Execution Venue for the execution of the Client’s Orders. The Company transmits Client Orders or arranges for their execution with a third party/(ies) known as Straight Through Process. In the event of a lack of liquidity of the Liquidity Provider after a successful Order for the Client, the Company will not be in a position to settle the transaction for the Client (i.e. pay the Client the Difference of his successful trade).
The Company’s insolvency or default may lead to positions being liquidated or closed out without the Client’s consent.
5.1 The Client and not the Company shall be responsible for the risks of financial losses caused by failure, malfunction, interruption, disconnection or malicious actions of information, communication, electricity, electronic or other systems, which are not the result of gross negligence or wilful default of the Company
5.2 If the Client undertakes transactions on an electronic system, he will be exposed to risks associated with the system including the failure of hardware, software, servers, communication lines and internet failure. The result of any such failure may be that his order is either not executed according to his instructions or it is not executed at all. The Company does not accept any liability in the case of such a failure, not owed to the Company’s gross negligence or wilful default. The Company strives on a best effort basis to provide the Client with a secure and smooth online experience. However, the Client acknowledges the risk that should third parties (hackers) launch a coordinated attack against the Company systems that there may be a disruption of services that may result in Client losses. The Company does not accept any liability resulting from such attacks to the extent that the Company has taken all reasonable measures on a best effort basis to fend off such malicious actions.
5.3 The Client acknowledges that the unencrypted information transmitted by e-mail is not protected from any unauthorized access.
5.4 At times of excessive deal flow the Client may have some difficulties to be connected over the phone or the Company’s Platform(s)/system(s), especially in fast Market (for example, when key macroeconomic indicators are released).
5.5 The Client acknowledges that the internet may be subject to events which may affect his access to the Company’s Website and/or the Company’s trading Platform(s)/system(s), including but not limited to interruptions or transmission blackouts, software and hardware failure, internet disconnection, public electricity network failures or hacker attacks. The Company is not responsible for any damages or losses resulting from such events which are beyond its control or for any other losses, costs, liabilities, or expenses (including, without limitation, loss of profit) which may result from the Client’s inability to access the Company’s Website and/or Trading System, or delay, or failure, in sending orders or Transactions, not owed to the Company’s gross negligence or wilful default.
5.6 In connection with the use of computer equipment and data and voice communication networks, the Client bears the following risks amongst other risks in which cases the Company has no liability for any resulting loss:
a. power cut of the equipment on the side of the Client or the provider, or communication operator (including voice communication) that serves the Client;
b. physical damage (or destruction) of the communication channels used to link the Client and provider (communication operator), provider, and the trading or information server of the Client;
c. outage (unacceptably low quality) of communication via the channels used by the Client, or the Company or the channels used by the provider, or communication operator (including voice communication) that are used by the Client or the Company;
d. wrong or inconsistent with requirements settings of the Client Terminal;
e. untimely update of the Client Terminal;
f. the use of communication channels, hardware and software, generate the risk of non-reception of a message (including text messages) by the Client from the Company;
g. malfunction or inoperability of the Platform, which also includes the Client Terminal.
5.7 The Client may suffer financial losses caused by the materialisation of the above risks, the Company accepting no responsibility or liability in the case of such a risk materializing and the Client shall be responsible for all related losses he may suffer, to the extent that these are not owed to the Company’s gross negligence or wilful default.
6.1 The Client is warned that when trading in an electronic platform he assumes the risk of financial loss which may be a consequence of amongst other things:
a. failure of Client’s devices, software and poor quality of connection;
b. the Company’s or Client’s hardware or software failure, malfunction or misuse;
c. improper work of the Client’s equipment;
d. wrong setting of Client’s Terminal;
e. delayed updates of Client’s Terminal.
6.2 The Client acknowledges that only one Instruction is allowed to be in the queue at one time. Once the Client has sent an Instruction, any further Instructions sent by the Client are ignored and the “orders is locked” message appears until the first Instruction is executed.
6.3 It is understood that the connection between the Client Terminal and the Company’s Server may be disrupted at some point and some of the Quotes may not reach the Client Terminal.
6.4 The Client acknowledges that when the Client closes the order placing/ deleting window or the position opening/closing window, the Instruction, which has been sent to the Server, shall not be cancelled.
6.5 Orders may be executed one at a time while being in the queue. Multiple orders from the same Client Account in the same time may not be executed.
6.6 The Client acknowledges that when the Client closes the Order, it shall not be cancelled.
6.7 In case the Client has not received the result of the execution of the previously sent Order but decides to repeat the Order, the Client shall accept the risk of making two Transactions instead of one.
6.8 The Client acknowledges that if the Pending Order has already been executed but the Client sends an instruction to modify its level, the only instruction, which will be executed, is the instruction to modify Stop Loss and/or Take Profit levels on the position opened when the Pending Order triggered.
When a Financial Instrument is traded in a currency other than the currency of the Client’s country of residence, any changes in the exchange rates may have a negative effect on its value, price and performance and may lead to losses for the Client.
The Company requires the Client to pass through an appropriateness test during the application process.
Trading CFDs can put Client’s capital at risk as CFDs are categorized as high risk complex Financial Instruments and Clients may lose more than the capital/margin used to open one position, such losses may extend to the loss of the Client’s entire deposited amount held by the Company. Trading CFDs may not be suitable for all investors (refer to section 13).
The investment decisions made by the Clients are subject to various markets, currencies, economic, political or business risks etc., and will not necessarily be profitable.
The Client acknowledges and without any reservation accepts that, notwithstanding any general information which may have been given by the Company, the value of any investment in Financial Instruments may fluctuate either upwards or downwards. The Client acknowledges and without any reservation accepts the existence of a substantial risk of incurring losses and damages as a result of buying or selling any Financial Instrument and acknowledges his willingness to take such risk.
Set out below is an outline of the major risks and other significant aspects of CFDs trading:
Some Financial Instruments trade within wide intraday ranges with volatile price movements. Therefore, the Client must carefully consider that there is a high risk of losses. The price of a Financial Instrument is derived from the price of the Underlying Asset in which the Financial Instruments refers to. Financial Instruments and related Underlying Markets can be highly volatile. The prices of Financial Instruments and the Underlying Asset may fluctuate rapidly and over wide ranges and may reflect unforeseeable events or changes in conditions, none of which can be controlled by the Client or the Company. Under certain market conditions it may be impossible for a Client Order to be executed at declared prices leading to losses. The prices of Financial Instruments and the Underlying Assets will be influenced by, among other things, changing the supply and demand relationships, governmental, agricultural, commercial and trade programs and policies, national and international political and economic events and the prevailing psychological characteristics of the relevant marketplace.
Liquidity risk refers to the capacity to readily monetize assets without suffering a significant discount in their prices. The Client accepts and acknowledges that the Underlying Instruments on some Derivative Products on offer by the Company may be inherently illiquid or sometimes face persistent liquidity strains due to adverse market conditions. Illiquid Underlying Assets may exhibit high levels of volatility in their prices and consequently a higher degree of risk, this typically leads to larger gaps in ASK and BID prices for an Underlying Instrument than would otherwise prevail under liquid market conditions. These large gaps may be reflected on the prices of the Derivative Product that the Company offers.
CFDs offered by the Company are off-exchange transactions (i.e. over-the-counter). The trading conditions are set by us (in line with the trading conditions received by our liquidity providers), subject to any obligations we have to provide the best execution, to act reasonably and in accordance with our Client Agreement. Each CFD trade that the Client opens through our Trading Platform results in the entering of an Order with the Company; such Orders can only be closed with the Company and are not transferable to any other person.
While some off-exchange markets are highly liquid, transactions in
off-exchange or non-transferable derivatives may involve greater risk than investing in on-exchange derivatives because there is no exchange market on which to close out an Open Position. It may be impossible to liquidate an existing position, to assess the value of the position arising from an
off-exchange transaction or to assess the exposure to risk. Prices need not be quoted, and, even where they are, they will be established by dealers in these instruments and consequently it may be difficult to establish what a fair price is.
The Company is using an Online Trading System for transactions in CFDs which does not fall into the definition of a Regulated Market or Multilateral Trading Facility and as such does not have the same protection.
The Transactions in the Financial Instruments offered by the Company are not currently subject to exchange or clearing house requirements /obligations.
It is understood that the Client has no rights or obligations in respect to the Underlying Assets/Instruments relating to the CFDs he is trading. There is no delivery of the Underlying Asset and all CFD contracts are settled in cash.
Under certain trading conditions it may be difficult or impossible to liquidate a position. This may occur, for example, at times of rapid price movement if the price rises or falls in one trading session to such an extent that under the rules of the relevant exchange trading is suspended or restricted. Placing a Stop Loss will not necessarily limit the Client’s losses to the intended amounts, because market conditions may make it impossible to execute such an Order at the stipulated price. In addition, under certain market conditions the execution of a Stop Loss Order may be worse than its stipulated price and the realized losses can be larger than expected.
Slippage is the difference between the expected price of a Transaction in a CFD or, and the price the Transaction is actually executed at. Slippage often occurs during periods of higher volatility (for example due to news events) making an Order at a specific price impossible to execute and also when large Orders are executed when there may not be enough interest at the desired price level to maintain the expected price of trade.
In order to place a CFD Order, the Client is required to maintain a margin. The Margin is usually a relatively modest proportion of the overall contract value. This means that the Client will be trading using “leverage” or “gearing”. This means a relatively small market movement can lead to a proportionately much larger movement in the value of the Client’s position, and this can work either against the Client or for the Client.
At all times during which the Client opens trades, they must maintain enough equity, consider all running profits and losses, for meeting the margin requirements. If the market moves against the Client’s position and/or Margin requirements are increased, the Client may be called upon to deposit additional funds on short notice to maintain his position. Failing to comply with a request for a deposit of additional funds, may result in a closure of his position(s) by the Company on his behalf.
It is important that you monitor your positions closely because the effect of leverage and gearing speed the occurrence of profits or losses. It is your responsibility to monitor your trades and while you have open trades you should always be in a position to do so.
The Client acknowledges and accepts that, regardless of any information which may be offered by the Company, the value of CFDs may fluctuate downwards or upwards and it is even probable that the investment may become of no value. This is owed to the margining system applicable to such trades, which generally involves a comparatively modest deposit or margin in terms of the overall contract value, so that a relatively small movement in the Underlying Market can have a disproportionately dramatic effect on the Client’s trade. If the Underlying Market movement is in the Client’s favour, the Client may achieve a good profit, but an equally small adverse market movement may result in the loss of the Client’s entire deposit.
The Company may change its Margin requirements, according to the provisions of the Client Agreement found on the Company’s website at Terms and Conditions.
The Company makes available certain Orders (e.g. «stop-loss» orders, where permitted under local law, or «stop-limit» Orders), which are intended to limit losses to certain amounts. Such Orders may not be adequate given that markets conditions make it impossible to execute such Orders, e.g. due to illiquidity in the market. We aim to deal with such Orders fairly and promptly, but the time taken to fill the Order and level at which the Order is filled depends upon the underlying market. In fast-moving markets, a price for the level of your Order might not be available, or the market might move quickly and significantly away from the stop level before we fill it.
Strategies using combinations of positions, such as «spread» and «straddle»‘ positions may be as risky as taking simple «long» or «short» positions. Therefore, Stop Limit and Stop Loss Orders cannot guarantee the limit of loss.
If a Client holds any positions overnight, then an applicable swap charge will apply. The swap values are clearly stated on the Company’s website and Platform and accepted by the Client during the account registration process as they are described in the Company’s Agreement.
The swap rate is mainly dependent on the level of interest rates as well as the Company’s fee for having an open position overnight. The Company has the discretion to change the level of the swap rate on each CFD at any given time and the Client acknowledges that he will be informed by the Company’s websites. The Client further acknowledges that he is responsible for reviewing the CFDs specifications located on the Company’s websites for being updated on the level of swap value prior to placing any order with the Company.
Where it does so:
The Company provides no guarantees of profit nor of avoiding losses when trading in Financial Instruments. The Company cannot guarantee the future performance of the Client’s Τrading Αccount, promise any specific level of performance, or promise that the Client’s investment decisions or strategies, will be successful/profitable. The Customer has received no such guarantees from the Company or from any of its representatives. The Customer is aware of the risks inherent in trading in Financial Instruments and is financially able to bear such risks and withstand any losses incurred. The Client acknowledges and accepts that there may be other additional risks apart from those mentioned above
Any decision whether or not to open a Trading Account, and or whether or not you understand the risks lies with you.